0000069905 00000 n Relief aid must strive to reduce future vulnerabilities to disaster as well as meeting basic needs. << /Type /Catalog If one of the parties perceives that an agency is trying to spread another religious faith, there may be a hostile reaction to their activities. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you possess guidance or tools that are not provided in the list below and that you consider to be essential to the functioning of field protection clusters. /H [ 1497 419 ] Communities and people affected by crisis receive assistance appropriate and relevant to their needs. UnityThere can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country. In conflict situations, their breach may drastically affect the ability of agencies to respond to the needs of the victims. Agencies have the responsibility for developing rules of staff conduct which prevent abuse of the beneficiaries. His work has focused on adapting the international humanitarian system to a changing world, the relevance of humanitarian principles, protection of civilians and international humanitarian law, and the relationship between humanitarian action and UN integration. Retrieved 2006-12-14. Read more about what we do and who we are. 0000088678 00000 n stream /O 92 0000089427 00000 n 0000088987 00000 n His work has focused on adapting the international humanitarian system to a changing world, the relevance of humanitarian principles, protection of civilians and international humanitarian law, and the relationship between humanitarian action and UN integration. >> 3. What are humanitarian standards? 0000026130 00000 n All rights reserved. understand how the ICRC applies humanitarian principles in practice. The four guiding principles are Humanity, Neutrality, Impartiality and Independence.[1]. HumanityThe International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. >> 0000026047 00000 n O'Callaghan, Sorcha, and Leach, Leslie, ", 2. Substantial efforts have been made in the humanitarian sector to monitor compliance with humanitarian principles. Communities and people affected by crisis have access to safe and responsive mechanisms to handle complaints. /MarkInfo << /Marked true >> Before joining the ICRC, Emanuela was a legal adviser at the United Nations Compensation Commission. It is usually related to emergency response (also called humanitarian response) whether in the case of a natural disaster or a man-made disaster such as war or other armed conflict. Communities and people affected by crisis can expect that the organisations assisting them are managing resources effectively, efficiently and ethically.

We shall attempt to build disaster response on local capacities. << The Sphere Handbook is Sphere’s flagship publication. Humanitarian principles: Dilemma exercise (11’), 7. /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding [9], Problems may arise because most NGHAs rely in varying degrees on government donors. Priority must be given to the most urgent cases of distress. /Widths 96 0 R Teaching tools: ICRC tools on how to teach IHL as well as specific, ready-to-use teaching materials on IHL and humanitarian principles are available. "[16], Article 9 of the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief states: Principles based on field experience in emergencies. • It recalls the double dimension of the movement: national and international one. The RC/NGO Code is self-enforcing. >> >> /O 558
/Type /FontDescriptor There are a number of meanings for the term humanitarian. 0000025681 00000 n "Neutrality remains closely linked with the definition which introduced the concept into international law to designate the status of a State which decided to stand apart from an armed conflict.

/Lang (en-US) If you want to determine whether an organisation you are seeking to partner with is a signatory to the Code of Conduct, a list can be found on the International Federation of the Red Cross website. All OCHA activities are guided by the four humanitarian principles: humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence. It must be open to all. 0000043907 00000 n

[2], The purpose of humanitarian action is to protect life, health and ensure respect for human beings.

And from 1995 to 1997 she was a research fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge. (For a discussion of the concept of neutrality with respect to humanitarian response see: (For a discussion of their background and a commentary on the principles see: Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Humanitarian Accountability Partnership International, International Convention on Civil and Political Rights, UNCCD - United Nations - Convention to Combat Desertification, Report of the Panel on United Nations Peacekeeping, "International Committee of the Red Cross".
[Ten core principles and three annexes with recommendations to governments of affected states, donor governments and intergovernmental organisations], ICRC (no date) Basic Rules and Principles of  International Humanitarian Law Prior to this, he worked for the International Peace Institute (IPI) in New York, where he developed a new programme on humanitarian affairs. The provision of aid must not exploit the vulnerability of victims and be used to further political or religious creeds. Communities and people affected by crisis know their rights and entitlements, have access to information and participate in decisions that affect them. /Filter /FlateDecode /N 10 Enhancing protection for those affected by armed conflict and disaster is essential during each phase of humanitarian action, including early warning, contingency planning, response and transition. in Law and an LL.M. /FirstChar 32 Thus for some organizations it is difficult to maintain independence from their donors and not be confused in the field with governments who may be involved in the hostilities. Kumarian Pres. In disaster management, compliance with the principles are essential elements of humanitarian coordination. 0000084402 00000 n How do humanitarian principles support humanitarian effectiveness? to their donors. Protection Principles Protection is concerned with the safety, dignity and rights of people affected by disaster or armed conflict. endobj

IHL and humanitarian principles: Regulating relief operations (20’), 8. A number of reports which identified the sexual exploitation of refugees in west Africa prodded the humanitarian community to work together in examining the problem and to take measures to prevent abuses. The ICRC, has set the example for maintaining its independence (and neutrality) by raising its funds from governments through the use of separate annual appeals for headquarters costs and field operations.[10]. They are the next step for translating humanitarian principles into humanitarian practice, which the Sphere Standards and CHS further build upon. Humanitarian agencies, although there are auxiliaries in the humanitarian services and subject to the laws of their countries, must maintain their autonomy from political, economic, military or any other others and to be able at all times to act in accordance with the humanitarian principles. endobj << In order to achieve this, any programme – whether it’s business as usual or the development of a new innovation – must adhere to the principles and standards that govern humanitarian action. This section will outline the core humanitarian principles and standards drawing from The Core Humanitarian Standard on Quality and Accountability (CHS), Sphere Standards, and ICRC’s Code of Conduct. The SCHR carries out peer reviews among its members which look in part at the issue of compliance with principles set out in the RC/NGO Code. All humanitarian actors have an ethical responsibility to mainstream protection into humanitarian response programs. They are based on widespread field experience of agencies engaged in humanitarian response. 0 Specific teaching tools on IHL and humanitarian principles. In 1991, the first three principles (humanity, neutrality and impartiality) were adopted and endorsed in the General Assembly resolution 46/182. /S 429 "The Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross: a commentary". The core principles are defining characteristics, the necessary conditions for humanitarian response. >> UniversalityThe International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide. [A free e-learning course aiming to improve understanding and application of the Core Humanitarian Standard], ICRC (2018) Professional Standards for Protection Work IHL and humanitarian principles: Addressees and sources (17’), 6. /Rotate 0 From 2007 to 2012 Emanuela-Chiara Gillard was chief of the Protection of Civilians Section in the Policy Development and Studies Branch of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). According to this interpretation, the UN agency or a government can provide neutral humanitarian aid as long as it does it impartially, based upon need alone.[8]. Communities and people affected by crisis have access to the humanitarian assistance they need at the right time. 0000002304 00000 n It provides guidance on specific actions that can improve adherence to key principles of meaningful access, safety, dignity, participation, and accountability in humanitarian action. Researchers may wish to use them as informative sources for their research projects on this topic. Does IHL refer to the principles? 0000071259 00000 n She is a Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales. "We hold ourselves accountable to both those we seek to assist and those from whom we accept resources;" and thus identifies the two major stake holders: donors and beneficiaries. NeutralityIn order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature. /Parent 51 0 R They promote an operational approach dictated solely by existing humanitarian needs. << Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being.

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