ii) Passion fruit (466-530 L/L), Passion fruit   Some crops grown in plantations are rubber, coffee, cotton, sugarcane etc. These crops leave the field exhaustive after growing e.g. The main root goes deep into the soil. Whole, edible copra is shredded and used as garnish in various dishes. The Rabi/winter crop or spring harvest crop is sown in the month of November during the north-east monsoon season and harvest in the month of February. This system is expensive and not sustainable when excessive grazing destroys the natural fields forcing farmers to buy feed for the herd.  Spices: Black pepper, Turmeric, Ginger, Cloves etc. This system is expensive and not sustainable when excessive grazing destroys the natural fields forcing farmers to buy feed for the herd. Classification Based on Root System 7. 1. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Pigeon pea, Glyricidia sisal etc. Classification Based on Root System 7. Paddy, Groundnut, Moong, Sunflower, Maize, Groundnuts, Watermelon, Pumpkins and Gourds. Sun drying takes 6-8 days while hot air driers involve 20-24 hours for drying. Growing the same crop in the same place will deplete the nutrients. Plantation farming is a type of commercial farming. The seeds are sown at the beginning of monsoon season and harvested at the end of the monsoon season. Cereal crops, wheat, rice etc. Such type of grouping of plants in different categories is referred to as classification. Cashew can be distilled to produce alcoholic drink called as Fenny. Rice is a Kharif crop that requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and high humidity for proper growth. Please note that this advice is generic and not specific to any individual. c) Perennials: Plants which require more than two years to complete their life cycle are called perennials.  Spices: Saffron, Kalajira, Asafoetida etc. Different crops with different maturity periods are grown continuously throughout the season at same time using best practices with good rainfall or irrigation facilities. Oil palm ( Elaeis guinensis) is monoecious, cross pollinated plant placed in the Arecaceae family along with coconut and date palms. Crop production also includes feed sources and resource inputs used to produce crops required to maintain the dairy herd and contribute to the meat industry.Feeds grown include corn grain or silage; alfalfa hay and silage; soybean and soybean meal; oats; wheat; distiller’s grains solids. India endowed with rich vegetational wealth. It is good raw material for production of oleo-chemicals, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, glycerol and other formulations for cosmetics, household and industrial products. The crops whose roots are fibrous shallow & spreading into the soil. TOS 7. Classification According to Botany 4. Master of Science in Public Health Management (MPH), Advanced PG Diploma in Agribusiness Management, https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=oWdSX5PLB7A, Diploma Clinical Research & Medical Writing, Pharmacovigilance and Pharmacoepidemiology, Science Communication and Public Engagement. Arecanut, Coconut, Banana, Mango, Sapota etc. The name “Rabi” means “spring” – a word derived from Arabic.  Vegetables: Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli, Onion etc. Crop Production and management of corn, cotton,wheat, soybean and tobacco crops generates profit to the farmers. Animals maintained by farmers are provided with dietary supplements or minerals and grass or hay for forage. a) Temperate Horticultural crops: In temperate regions, the temperature in winter season falls below freezing point. The smoke house is a chamber in which sheets are placed on the reapers for drying. culinaris Moench, Lathyru s / Chickling pea/Grasspea : Lathyrus sativus, Horse gram/Kulthi : Macrotyloma uniflorum, Groundnut/Peanut/Monkey-nut : Arachis hypogea L. Clusterbean/Gaur : Cymopsis tetragonalaba L. Sugarcane /Cane : Saccharum officinarum L. Ashwagandha/Winter cherry : Withania somnifera, Rouvolfia / Sarpagandha : Rouvolfia serpentina. These chilling temperatures help the plants to put forth new growth. Apple, Fig, Grape etc. shading it protecting it from frost, insulation or wind. Black gram/Urdbean : Vigna mungo/Phaseolus mungo L. Hepper, Green gram/Moong/Moongbean : Vigna radiatefPhaseolus aureus L. Wilczek. c) Climbers: These plants attach themselves to supports such as trellis, arches or lives plants. Commercial farm — This is the opposite of a subsistence farm, says Grade Stack, and is meant to provide income, often the sole form of income, for the farm family. Such crops are grown to conserve the soil moisture through their ground covering foliage e.g. copra: it is made in the form of cups and balls. These are leguminous crops and help in improving soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. E.g. These vegetables can be grown in sub-tropical regions, however they require temperate climate for seed production. 2) On the basis of climatic requirements: (Classification of Horticultural crops), season falls below freezing point. It involves farming on large areas of land to maximize output and profits. ii) Herbaceous trees: These have soft succulent stems. Cucurbitaceous : bottle gourd, Bitter ground, Pumpkin etc. The products like hair oil, soaps, shampoos and medicine use coconut oil as a main ingredient. Banana, Pineapple. The diluted mixture is passed through a screen to remove coarse fibre. Crops grow only on rain water, e.g Jowar, Bajra, Mung etc. The purpose of crop rotation is to make the soil fertile again. Resource inputs in crop production include equipments or machinery, fuel for tractors, pesticides, fertilizers and packaging materials. a) Deciduous: the plants that are leafless or which shed their leaves during winter are referred to as deciduous. Both main and intercrop is benefited to each other e.g. When pressure is reduced, contraction of nuts leads to detachment of kernel from shell wall, thus loosening kernels within their cells. tobacco, opium etc. Methods used commercially are discussed here under: Latex is obtained from the bark of rubber tree by tapping. pulses and legumes. Sawan/Barnyard millet : Echinochloafrumentance L. Gram/Chickpea/Bengal gram : Cicer aeritinum L, Field Pea/Grain pea : Pisum sativum var. The types of feed or row crop grown by farmers depends on the traditional, organic or conventional management systems available. Pulses: India is the largest consumer and producer of pulses in the world. 9. 3) On the basis of growth habit and physiological characters. Flowering and fruiting, These vegetables can be grown in sub-tropical regions, however they require. avoid crops and aim at producing only livestock for dairy farming, raising beef cattle or sheep for wool. 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